Athletic Trainers (ATs) are health care professionals who collaborate with physicians to provide preventative services, emergency care, clinical diagnosis, therapeutic intervention and rehabilitation of injuries and medical conditions. Students who want to become certified athletic trainers must earn a degree from an accredited athletic training curriculum. Accredited programs include formal instruction in areas such as injury/illness prevention, first aid and emergency care, assessment of injury/illness, human anatomy and physiology, therapeutic modalities, and nutrition. Classroom learning is enhanced through clinical education experiences. More than 70 percent of certified athletic trainers hold at least a master’s degree.
Athletic training is often confused with personal training. There is, however, a large difference in the education, skillset, job duties and patients of an athletic trainer and a personal trainer. Athletic trainers provide physical medicine, rehabilitative and preventative services. Athletic trainers treat a breadth of patients, including but not limited to: professional, college, secondary school and youth athletes, dancers, musicians and military personnel. Athletic trainers can work in a variety of locations including schools, physician clinics, hospitals and manufacturing plants.
To become certified athletic trainer, a student must graduate with bachelors or masters degree from an accredited professional athletic training education program and pass a comprehensive test administered by the Board of Certification. Once certified, they must meet ongoing continuing education requirements in order to remain certified. Athletic trainers must also work under the direction of a physician and within their state practice act.
What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury caused by a blow, or a jolt to the head. These injuries are associated with one or more of the following signs or symptoms. These may last from minutes to months, and new symptoms may appear during the recovery process.
Concussion Signs and Symptoms
• Nausea or Vomiting
• Difficulty Concentrating
• Memory Problems
• Double or blurred vision
• Sensitivity to noise or light
• Dazed or Stunned
• Vacant Stare
• Answers questions slowly
• Moves Clumsily
• Loss of Consciousness
• Behavior Change
• Personality Change
• Decline in school performance
• Problems Talking
• Blood or fluid draining from the ear or nose • Changes in Sleep Habits
• Removal from sports
Do not return to sport or physical activity the
See a healthcare provider that is trained in
concussion management such as a: Physician,
Licensed Athletic Trainer Physician Assistant Licensed Nurse Practitioner
Discontinue video games and texting
Limit computer use
Possible decreased school time and academic
modifications while undergoing treatment
Rest, Rest, Rest
What can I do to help prevent concussions and keep kids safe?
• Ensure that protective equipment is worn and
that it fits appropriately
Learn and use safe techniques
Decrease the number of head impacts
Watch out for the signs and symptoms of a
Make sure that your athletic organization has an
emergency action plan
If you would like additional information regarding concussions, email Carolinas HealthCare Sports Medicine at CHSSportsMedicine@carolinashealthcare.org
Of all the injuries/illnesses that can occur in athletics, Heat Illness is 100% preventable. Following good hydration principles, proper conditioning and
being aware of the environmental conditions are all important components to preventing heat illness. There are several different types of heat illness and there is no clear cut line that separates them. Once you recognize any of the signs or symptoms, action needs to be taken.
• Obtain a thorough pre-participation exam to determine if you are at risk of having an Exertional Heat Illness.
Take time to become acclimatized to the environment (10-14 days).
Avoid working out in the hottest part of the day. If the temperature is too high try moving your workout indoors.
Drink adequate fluids prior to, during and after your workout.
Get adequate rest.
Wear light colored clothing.
Take frequent rest breaks.
Recognize the signs of exertional heat illness and
have an emergency plan available.
Have a way to cool your body rapidly in the event of
an exertional heat illness.
Work out with a partner when you are in a hot and
Types of Heat Illness
Below is a list of some common heat illnesses. They are listed in order from mild to severe. Without the appropriate treatment they can progress quickly.
• Heat Cramps: Painful involuntary muscle
contractions. Usually due to a fluid and salt
• Heat Exhaustion: Most common form of heat
illness in the physically active population. Usually occurs due to working in a hot humid environment, dehydration, poor fitness levels and obesity.
• Heat Stroke: The most serious of all heat illnesses. Can become life threatening quickly if not treated appropriately. The body can no longer cool itself.
Signs and Symptoms
• Excessive Sweating • Fatigue
• Decreased performance
• Loss of/Altered Level of Consciousness
• Remove equipment and unnecessary clothing • Move to a cooler environment
• Provide cool fluids
• Monitor airway, breathing and circulation
• Attempt to cool down by application of ice towels or submerging the individual in an ice bath
• Call 911 if athlete becomes unconscious or does not improve with treatment
If you would like additional information regarding Heat Illness, email Carolinas HealthCare Sports Medicine at CHSSportsMedicine@carolinashealthcare.org
Certified Athletic Trainer provided by: Carolinas HealthcareSystem
Phone: 704-774-7417 email@example.com
Athletic Director: Stephanie Wilkerson
Address: 4301 Sandy Porter Road
Charlotte, NC 28273
School Phone Number: 980-343-3800
School Fax Number:
Athletic Directors ext:
Athletic Training room ext :
t to know about the concussion law for North Carolina:
Gfeller- Waller Concussion Return to play Form: